Ballard Spahr Andrews & Ingersoll, LLP

Ballard Spahr's Franchise and Distribution Group focuses on the needs of franchise and distribution system companies to deliver complete solutions, integrating transactional creativity with regulatory experience, intellectual property protection, and litigation prosecution and management.

By organizing a practice team around our clients' business and legal needs, Ballard Spahr is well suited to cover the full range of issues facing our franchise and distribution industry clients in today's rapidly evolving business environment. Our clients include large private and public multi-national companies, growing and start-up franchise and distribution systems, multi-unit developers and operators, private investors and venture capital companies contemplating franchise and distribution system investment opportunities, and lending institutions engaged in lending and other financial activities.

Ballard Spahr lawyers have been engaged in a wide variety of franchise and distribution system-related matters, including:

  • Franchise Law Counseling and Compliance
  • Litigation
  • Distribution and Sales Agency Counseling
  • Mergers/Acquisitions
  • Securities
  • Financial Lending
  • Intellectual Property
  • Real Estate/Land Use/Retail Development
  • Workouts/Bankruptcy

Faegre & Benson LLP

Faegre & Benson understands that Franchising is one of the most dynamic and exciting growth vehicles in our global economy. To achieve its objectives in the challenging, yet rewarding, franchise world, a franchisor must partner with a legal team that not only understands franchising, but also takes the time to understand the franchisor's business and objectives.

Few law firms embrace this approach with more passion and commitment than Faegre & Benson. We know the franchise business top to bottom, including the complexities created by the overlap of state and federal law. We also understand the challenges of building and operating a franchise system. It's your business. You need answers and we'll provide unparalleled legal support. We also understand what it means to be a part your team - finding solutions that allow you to meet your objectives.

Our lawyers are leaders in the franchise community. The team includes: a Past Chair of the International Franchise Association's (IFA) Supplier Forum; a member of IFA's Legal/Legislative, Membership and FranPac Committees; a member of IFA's Women's Franchise Committee and one Chair of the Women's Franchise Network Taskforce; a member of the Advisory Board for Nova Southeastern University's International Institute of Franchise Education; the Editor in Chief of the Franchise Law Journal; and the incoming Director of the ABA Forum on Franchising's LADR Committee.

Faegre & Benson LLP regularly handles among the most complex and challenging transactions and litigation work facing multinational businesses. The firm offers clients more than 475 lawyers in a full range of practice groups, with experience handling transactions and litigated matters in nearly every U.S. state and in more than 60 countries. All our international offices include substantial teams of foreign and U.S. lawyers

Brown & Kennady, LLC

2000 S. Colorado Blvd.
Suite 2-610
Denver, CO 80222

J. Brown & Associates is a small firm focused on the needs of franchisors and franchisees. By representing both franchisors and franchisees, the firm is uniquely positioned to understand both sides of the transaction, which leads to the drafting and negotiation of franchise documentation that is both legally and commercially sound.

Since graduating from Vanderbilt Law School in 1995, and prior to starting his own firm in 2003, Jeff Brown has had experience as an associate at a large law firm and as senior in house counsel. His practice focuses on franchising, intellectual property and general business matters. Jeff has extensive experience representing both franchisors and franchisees and has completed numerous speeches and articles on franchising. He is a member of the American Bar Association's Forum on Franchising and for each of the past 2 years he has been a featured speaker at The National Franchise and Business Opportunities Show.

Scott Kannady graduated from the University of Oklahoma law School in 1998 and has significant experience in advising clients in the areas of franchise and intellectual property law. He has drafted and negotiated numerous franchise deals and worked closely with franchisors to register their offerings in all states which require registration and in registering their trademarks.

Services for Franchisors:

The firm specializes in representing start-up franchisors on a nationwide basis in connection with all types of franchise legal matters and transactions. Both Jeff and Scott regularly assist start-up franchisors with:

  • Understanding the basic requirements for a successful franchise system.
  • Structuring the franchise system to minimize legal and business risks.
  • Drafting all form agreements to be used with franchisees, including: franchise agreement, development agreement, confidentiality agreement, non-competition agreement, personal guarantee, promissory note, etc.
  • Drafting the uniform franchise offering circular (UFOC) and exhibits.
  • Preparing and filing Trademarks with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  • Preparing and filing registration forms required by various state agencies.
  • Reviewing operations and policy manuals.
  • Training franchise sales staff on legal compliance.
  • Advising on state laws affecting franchise sales and relationships.
  • Annual updates to the UFOC (as required by law)
  • Updating the UFOC and form agreements to reflect changes to the system or changes in laws
  • Filing and Renewing state registrations and exemptions
  • Advising on negotiating changes to franchise agreements, encroachment, enforcing system standards, franchisee defaults, termination, non-renewals, transfers, co-branding and other franchise law issues

Services for Franchisees:

Jeff and Scott provide comprehensive legal services to franchisees of all sizes, ranging from new franchisees about to sign their first franchise agreement, to experienced multi-unit developers or master franchisees. They help franchisees with their legal rights and obligations under franchise agreements and other agreements that affect their businesses. Services provided to franchisees include:

  • reviewing and commenting on the proposed franchise agreement.
  • negotiating changes with the franchisor.
  • organizing a new corporation, limited liability company, or other entity to own and operate the franchise.
  • reviewing the proposed lease for the franchise location.
  • dealing with transfer, termination, non-renewal, and other franchise law issues.


Perkins Coie LLP

Franchise Practice Group
1899 Wynkoop Street, Suite 700
Denver, Colorado 80202-1043
Fax: 303-291-2400

         Perkins Coie LLP is a full-service international law firm with over 500 lawyers. Founded in 1912 in Seattle, Washington, Perkins Coie has 14 offices, concentrated in the western United States and Pacific Rim.

The firm's franchise lawyers provide a full range of legal services for both developing and established franchisors, including the structuring of a franchise program and the preparation of franchise agreements, offering circulars and other documents necessary to comply with state and federal registration and disclosure laws. The firm has extensive experience in counseling mature franchisors in matters of franchisor-franchisee relations, international expansion, restructuring the franchise system or programs within the system, handling transfers, terminations and renewals and in structuring multiple unit, subfranchisor, supplier, joint venture, dealership and alternative license relationships. The litigators in the Franchise Practice Group handle franchise litigation, franchise dispute resolution, arbitration and intellectual property cases.

Kim I. McCullough ( is the partner in charge of the firm's franchise practice. Since graduating from the University of Colorado School of Law in 1981, she has devoted substantially all of her practice to representing franchisors. Ms. McCullough is a member of the ABA Forum Committee on Franchising, has written articles on franchising for state and national publications and has been a speaker at International Franchise Association Legal Symposiums and Annual Conventions and ABA Forum meetings. She has also served as General Counsel to a national franchisor. Ms. McCullough is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate from the University of Oregon.

Jeffrey J. Cowman, (
jcowman@ a partner in the firm, specializes in a general trial and arbitration practice with particular emphasis in commercial and franchise litigation. He received his undergraduate degree in finance, summa cum laude from Moorhead State University in Minnesota in 1978 and his law degree from the University of Colorado in 1981. He is admitted to all state and federal courts in the State of Colorado. Mr. Cowman is a member of the Defense Research Institute and is the former president of the Colorado Defense Lawyers Association.

Donald Salcito (, a partner in the firm, specializes in securities law, corporate transactions and mergers and acquisitions. He has represented franchise clients in corporate transactions and financings. Mr. Salcito is a 1975 Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Connecticut and a 1979 graduate of the University of Arizona School of Law.

Judith B. Gitterman (, of counsel in the Los Angeles office, practices in the areas of business and franchise litigation and appellate law. She received a B.A. magna cum laude, from the University of Pennsylvania in 1978 and her law degree from the Cornell Law School in 1984. Ms. Gitterman has authored numerous articles on franchise related topics in state and national publications, has been a presenter at the ABA Forum on Franchising and the Annual Legal Symposium of the International Franchise Association and is a member of the ABA Forum Committee on Franchising.

Lynne M. Hanson (, of counsel, specializes in writing franchise disclosure documents, franchise-related agreements, and in registering franchisors to sell franchises, both domestically and internationally. She also practices in the areas of corporate and trademark law. She received her undergraduate degree from Carleton College in 1981 and her law degree from the University of Colorado in 1988. Ms. Hanson is a member of the ABA Forum Committee on Franchising.

Garrett M. Tuttle (, of counsel, practices in the areas of franchise, trademark and intellectual property law, with a focus on transactional matters including: drafting of franchise disclosure documents, franchise agreements and related documents; filing and maintaining state franchise registrations; and obtaining and maintaining state, federal and international trademark rights. He is a Member of the ABA Forum on Franchising and Intellectual Property Law Section.

James D. DeRoche (, of counsel in the Los Angeles office, specializes in franchise litigation including trademark, antitrust, provisional remedies, unfair competition, franchise law, mediation, arbitration and trials. He practices in both federal and state courts. He received his undergraduate degree from Santa Clara University in 1971 and his law degree from the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law in 1975. He is a member of the State Bar of California and the Los Angeles County Bar Association.