News

FastCasual

For the love of loyalty: How mobile drives customer engagementFri, 29 Apr 2016
Dickey's Barbecue Pit expands brand to 11 Ohio locationsFri, 29 Apr 2016
Menchie's Frozen Yogurt partners with "The Angry Birds Movie"Fri, 29 Apr 2016
Payment breaches to continue despite US EMV liability shiftFri, 29 Apr 2016
Au Bon Pain releases spring menuThu, 28 Apr 2016
El Pollo Loco aims to double customer satisfaction with salad offeringsThu, 28 Apr 2016
Why Chipotle should be kicking food-safety issues 'new-school'Thu, 28 Apr 2016
San Jose welcomes Paris Baguette franchiseThu, 28 Apr 2016
Captain D's prepping 6 new restaurantsThu, 28 Apr 2016
Pie Five Pizza set to open 10th location in KCThu, 28 Apr 2016
Buffalo Wild Wings suffers declining same-store salesThu, 28 Apr 2016
Report: How does your restaurant compare to your competition? Wed, 27 Apr 2016
Überrito continues successful rebrand with 4th Houston locationWed, 27 Apr 2016
1000 Degrees opens 1st California unitWed, 27 Apr 2016
Yogurtland aims for grand slam with Petco Park locationWed, 27 Apr 2016
Free webinar: How Norwegian Cruise Line uses tablets to improve restaurant experienceWed, 27 Apr 2016
Panera CEO: Q1 growth proves digital strategy is working Wed, 27 Apr 2016
Negotiating the operating costs as rent for restaurant tenantsWed, 27 Apr 2016
Chipotle hit hard by Q1 lossesTue, 26 Apr 2016
Pancheros opening in Cupertino, CaliforniaTue, 26 Apr 2016
Muscle Maker pumping up Santa AnaTue, 26 Apr 2016
Pieology unleashes flavors of the SouthwestTue, 26 Apr 2016
Why restaurants should ignore government’s delay on menu labelingTue, 26 Apr 2016
WEBINAR: Using Tablet Technology To Give Guests What They WantTue, 26 Apr 2016
PizzaRev will double customer dough on May 1Tue, 26 Apr 2016
Broomfield gets it own Modern MarketTue, 26 Apr 2016
Tropical Smoothie Cafe to exceed 550 restaurants in 2016Tue, 26 Apr 2016
Firenza Pizza partnership creates made-to-order locations in LouisvilleTue, 26 Apr 2016
Social Media Is Running (Not Ruining) Your Restaurant…Why That’s A Good ThingTue, 26 Apr 2016
Chipotle honors educators with BOGO promotionMon, 25 Apr 2016
Pei Wei celebrates 3rd Jacksonville openingMon, 25 Apr 2016
South Florida ice cream chain opens San Diego locationMon, 25 Apr 2016
Pieology opens in Bakersfield, CaliforniaMon, 25 Apr 2016
La Madeleine opens in Georgia, ArkansasMon, 25 Apr 2016
Cheeseburger Bobby's offering spring menuMon, 25 Apr 2016
Dickey's California franchisee opening 12 locations Fri, 22 Apr 2016
Free webinar: McAlister's marketing exec dishes on posting nutritional infoFri, 22 Apr 2016
Why your loyalty program is failing and how to fix it (Part 1)Fri, 22 Apr 2016
Sweet Lorraine's allowing customers to become mixologists Fri, 22 Apr 2016
Soulman's Bar-B-Que social media campaign drives profitsFri, 22 Apr 2016
PizzaRev opens 1st international locationFri, 22 Apr 2016
Webinar registration open: 'How to be FDA Calorie Compliant and Still Create Killer Menu Boards'Thu, 21 Apr 2016
WEBINAR: How to be FDA Calorie Compliant and Still Create Killer Menu BoardsThu, 21 Apr 2016
Ask the experts: Is your brand ready for catering?Thu, 21 Apr 2016
Pie Five creates Tex-Mex LTOThu, 21 Apr 2016
Jimmy John's thanking fans with $1 sandwichesThu, 21 Apr 2016
A lesson on loyalty: Where Starbucks went wrongThu, 21 Apr 2016
Smoothie franchise 'juices up' growthThu, 21 Apr 2016
Crave's parent company turns big Q1 proftitsThu, 21 Apr 2016
Moe's Southwest Grill unseats Chipotle as best fast casual Mexican brandWed, 20 Apr 2016
Growler USA acquires Smiling Moose Rocky Mountain Deli Wed, 20 Apr 2016
How many software solutions does your restaurant need?Wed, 20 Apr 2016
Grand Rapids to welcome FreshiiWed, 20 Apr 2016
Crazy Pita guests to 'paint-drink-dine' to benefit charityWed, 20 Apr 2016
Giardino continues Florida expansionWed, 20 Apr 2016
Report: Restaurants suffer negative Q1 growth after lagging March salesTue, 19 Apr 2016
Report: Fast casual, Asian concepts driving industry growthTue, 19 Apr 2016
PizzaRev opens store at Ohio State UniversityTue, 19 Apr 2016
Revel Systems pulls in Verifone Point Classic to simplify EMV paymentMon, 18 Apr 2016
Pancheros supporting fundraiser for leukemia, lymphoma researchMon, 18 Apr 2016
Salsarita's hitting growth spurtMon, 18 Apr 2016
Blaze Fast-Fire'd Pizza to open 1st Colorado, Utah, Iowa locations; 2 in Dallas-Fort WorthMon, 18 Apr 2016
Franchising focus: Little Greek Fresh Grill growing as Americans embrace new flavorsMon, 18 Apr 2016
Bridg launches Reveal data analysis systemMon, 18 Apr 2016
Restaurant kiosks and the 'Goldilocks Zone'Fri, 15 Apr 2016
Restaurants offering Tax Day specialsFri, 15 Apr 2016
Pie Five Pizza warming up Hawkeye State with at least 5 storesFri, 15 Apr 2016
The Habit Burger expands Vegas footprintFri, 15 Apr 2016
California Vegan bakery rolling into Arizona, ColoradoFri, 15 Apr 2016
Giardino Gourmet Salads hooks up with MenuTrinfo to add nutritional information to menuFri, 15 Apr 2016
Sharky’s opens 1st unit outside CaliforniaFri, 15 Apr 2016
Dunkin' Donuts loyalty app stirring up trouble for Starbucks?Thu, 14 Apr 2016
Kitchen design and technology: 5 ways to improve foodservice operationsThu, 14 Apr 2016
Service Millennials and Hospitality: The Redefinition of ServiceThu, 14 Apr 2016
SelbySoft certifies Elo to streamline POS experience for coffee, pizza retailersThu, 14 Apr 2016
Dickey's Barbecue signs 4-store agreement in OregonThu, 14 Apr 2016
Smashburger inks deals to open in Georgia, Florida, DCThu, 14 Apr 2016
Ex-NFL player delivers Cowboy Chicken to Atlanta marketThu, 14 Apr 2016
McAlister's Deli hoping to attract franchisees in FloridaThu, 14 Apr 2016
Jersey Mike's raises $4M for charityThu, 14 Apr 2016
Hot Italian Pizza Bar opens 3rd locationThu, 14 Apr 2016
Global study: Millennials' mobile use reshaping hospitality industry Thu, 14 Apr 2016
Muscle Maker, Fresca's Mexican now serving Angels baseball fansWed, 13 Apr 2016
How Smashburger, Billy Sims BBQ, East Coast Wings get franchisees to be social Wed, 13 Apr 2016
Tropical Smoothie Café taking on AlbuquerqueWed, 13 Apr 2016
Tom+Chee launches loyalty appWed, 13 Apr 2016
Blaze Fast-Fire'd Pizza named fastest growing restaurant chainWed, 13 Apr 2016
NetWaiter launches loyalty program for online orderingWed, 13 Apr 2016
Video: Restaurant Franchising & Innovation Summit attendees party with a purposeTue, 12 Apr 2016
At the Summit: Are you embracing the Internet of Things in your franchise?Tue, 12 Apr 2016
Summer arrives early with St.Louis-style BBQ at Boston MarketTue, 12 Apr 2016
BIBIBOP Asian Grill deploys cloud-based POS systemTue, 12 Apr 2016
Chicken Salad Chick opening 3rd location in GreenvilleTue, 12 Apr 2016
Infographic: What to look for in a franchisor Tue, 12 Apr 2016
Pei Wei expanding in Florida, TexasMon, 11 Apr 2016
Southern California getting 'Juiced'Mon, 11 Apr 2016
Who's winning the fast casual pizza game?Mon, 11 Apr 2016
Restaurant, retail customer experience leaders headline ICX SummitMon, 11 Apr 2016
Registration open for free webinar: 'Using Tablet Technology To Give Guests What They Want'Mon, 11 Apr 2016
Restaurants gear up for summer hiring season Mon, 11 Apr 2016
Bruster's Real Ice Cream opens first South Korea storeMon, 11 Apr 2016
LeBron 'Ron' James working at Blaze Pizza?Mon, 11 Apr 2016
At the Summit: How to create a franchise-friendly supply chainFri, 08 Apr 2016
Capriotti's still betting on VegasFri, 08 Apr 2016
Massachusetts governor enacts 'Massachusetts Restaurant Day for No Kid Hungry'Fri, 08 Apr 2016
VERTS continues Texas expansionFri, 08 Apr 2016
The Habit Burger Grill debuts super food saladFri, 08 Apr 2016
Buona playing ball with Chicago Cubs, White SoxFri, 08 Apr 2016
Holler & Dash launches Revel POS platformFri, 08 Apr 2016
Pieology Pizzeria opens 3rd Texas locationFri, 08 Apr 2016
Firenza to open store in Ashburn, VirginiaFri, 08 Apr 2016
MOD Pizza adds touch of spring with new LTO pizzaFri, 08 Apr 2016
WEBINAR: Maximizing Visual Engagement and the Customer Experience: Digital Signage for QSR and Fast CasualThu, 07 Apr 2016
Wingstop, Pizza Hut, Cici's Pizza execs debate importance of mobile appsThu, 07 Apr 2016
Walmart stores now carrying Dickey's sausageThu, 07 Apr 2016
The Chickery inks franchise deal in OntarioThu, 07 Apr 2016
Villa Restaurant Group makes marketing promotionsThu, 07 Apr 2016
1000 Degrees Neapolitan Pizza introduces three new LTO pizzas Thu, 07 Apr 2016
Pie Five Pizza to open 3 Colorado locationsThu, 07 Apr 2016
PizzaRev brings back Sriracha Sausage PizzaThu, 07 Apr 2016
4 things you don't know about the ACA (but should)Wed, 06 Apr 2016
Starbucks building venti-sized NYC roastery Wed, 06 Apr 2016
Free download: 'How to Drive Traffic and Sales with Proven Mobile Engagement Strategies'Wed, 06 Apr 2016
Whataburger launches prom contestWed, 06 Apr 2016
Blaze Fast-Fire'd Pizza to open stores in Las Vegas, CharlotteWed, 06 Apr 2016
MOD Pizza completes 115th install of PAR's Brink POSWed, 06 Apr 2016
WEBINAR: How to Drive Traffic and Sales with Proven Mobile Engagement StrategiesTue, 05 Apr 2016
Photo gallery: Restaurant Franchising & Innovation Summit 2016Tue, 05 Apr 2016
The ROI of Paging SystemsTue, 05 Apr 2016
Former franchisee takes the helm at Robeks Tue, 05 Apr 2016
Grabbagreen in midst of aggressive growth planTue, 05 Apr 2016
Vitality Bowls to open in Chula Vista, CaliforniaTue, 05 Apr 2016
SMOSH surprise two young fans at PizzaRev in latest 'Prank It FWD' seriesTue, 05 Apr 2016
Pie Five wins award for loyalty innovationTue, 05 Apr 2016
Why restaurants should use menu-labeling delay to ensure accuracyMon, 04 Apr 2016
Johnny Rockets driving Chile sales with food trucksMon, 04 Apr 2016
'Brisky Business' on the BurgerFi menuMon, 04 Apr 2016
Free webinar: Are your mobile engagement strategies too old school?Mon, 04 Apr 2016
DST, Mood Media hosting webinar on maximizing the customer experience at fast casuals, QSRsMon, 04 Apr 2016
Fujifilm offers $50 Amazon gift card drawing for kiosk survey participantsMon, 04 Apr 2016
Captain D's pays homage to its roots with Nashville Hot Fish LTOMon, 04 Apr 2016
Trademarking 101: Can Chipotle be the 'Chipotle of the better-burger' segment?Fri, 01 Apr 2016
Why millennials make valuable franchise partnersFri, 01 Apr 2016
Hyperformance PlatformFri, 01 Apr 2016
Slapfish CEO urges Summit attendees to 'make your most annoying customer your best friend'Fri, 01 Apr 2016
Why investing in 'corporate governance' is key to restaurant survivalFri, 01 Apr 2016
HuHot vegging outFri, 01 Apr 2016
Juice It Up! customers receiving Açaí freebiesFri, 01 Apr 2016
Dickey's launches Pulled Pork Street TacosFri, 01 Apr 2016
The Halal Guys opening in East Brunswick, New Jersey Fri, 01 Apr 2016
Newk's reaches halfway point in 200-unit growth planFri, 01 Apr 2016
Capriotti's expanding San Fran footprintFri, 01 Apr 2016
Cheese Whiz milkshake oozes onto Wayback Burgers menu?Fri, 01 Apr 2016
True Food Kitchen gets REALFri, 01 Apr 2016
Customers will ultimately pay the price from wage increase, says Sonic chiefFri, 01 Apr 2016
Revention integrates with TenderCardFri, 01 Apr 2016
Freebirds COO now in dual role as presidentThu, 31 Mar 2016
52 billion reasons fast casuals are upgrading catering programsThu, 31 Mar 2016
California green-lights $15 minimum wage Thu, 31 Mar 2016
Captain D's put new LTO items on the hookThu, 31 Mar 2016
Sloan's Ice Cream to make Middle East debut Thu, 31 Mar 2016
Cousins Subs awards fan 'Big Red' experienceThu, 31 Mar 2016
Heard at the Summit: Memorable quotes from Day 1Wed, 30 Mar 2016
Custom crepes latest addition to la Madeleine Country French Café menuWed, 30 Mar 2016
HotSchedules, Kitchen Brains partner on IoT integration strategyWed, 30 Mar 2016

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Jim Coen's Let's Talk Franchising Blog

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        <script type='text/javascript' src='//c.amazon-adsystem.com/aax2/amzn_ads.js'></script>
        <script type='text/javascript'>
            try {
                amznads.getAds('3080');
            } catch(e) { /*ignore*/}
        </script>

    
    
    
        
    <!-- Index Request -->
    <script src="http://js.indexww.com/ht/topix.js"></script>
    <!-- Index Request -->

    
    
    

    
        
        
<script type='text/javascript'>
var crtg_nid = "2612";
var crtg_cookiename = "cto_topix";
var crtg_varname = "crtg_content";
function crtg_getCookie(c_name) { 
    var i,x,y,ARRCookies=document.cookie.split(";");
    for(i=0;i<ARRCookies.length;i++) {
      x=ARRCookies[i].substr(0,ARRCookies[i].indexOf("="));
      y=ARRCookies[i].substr(ARRCookies[i].indexOf("=")+1);
      x=x.replace(/^\s+|\s+$/g,"");
      if(x==c_name){return unescape(y);}}return'';
}
var crtg_content = crtg_getCookie(crtg_cookiename);
var crtg_rnd=Math.floor(Math.random()*99999999999);
var crtg_url=location.protocol+'//rtax.criteo.com/delivery/rta/rta.js?netId='+escape(crtg_nid);
crtg_url+='&cookieName='+escape(crtg_cookiename);
crtg_url+='&rnd='+crtg_rnd;
crtg_url+='&varName=' + escape(crtg_varname);
var crtg_script=document.createElement('script');
crtg_script.type='text/javascript';
crtg_script.src=crtg_url;
crtg_script.async=true;
if (document.getElementsByTagName("head").length>0)
    document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(crtg_script);
else 
    if (document.getElementsByTagName("body").length>0) 
      document.getElementsByTagName("body")[0].appendChild(crtg_script);
</script>

    

    

    

    
        <!-- new gpt header --> 
    
    
                
        <script>
            var startSonobiTime = (new Date()).getTime();
        </script>
        <script type="text/javascript" src="http://mtrx.go.sonobi.com/morpheus.topix.js"></script>
    


   

    <script type="text/javascript">
        var tpx_pageTopTime = (new Date()).getTime();
        var tpx_loadStatRandom = Math.random();
    
        var st_request = {};
        var gpt_request = {};
        gpt_request.tinyua = "BT";
        gpt_request.isMobile = false; // Mobile browser request desktop site
        gpt_request.isTablet = false; // Tablet browser request desktop site
        gpt_request.exclusionCategories = null; 
        
        gpt_request.gpt_adslots = {};
        gpt_request.inside = false;
        gpt_request.staging = false;
        gpt_request.admin = false;
        gpt_request.forceLoadTrackers = false;
  
        gpt_request.doRubicon = false;
        gpt_request.debugRubicon = false;
        gpt_request.debugCasale = false;
        gpt_request.debugPubmatic = false;
        
        gpt_request.amazon = true;
        gpt_request.criteo = true;
        
        gpt_request.openx_bidder = true;
        gpt_request.pubmatic = true; 
        
        gpt_request.aol = true;
        gpt_request.useJSONP = false;
        
        gpt_request.sonobi_loaded = true;
        
        
        gpt_request.yieldbot = true;
        gpt_request.yieldbot_slots = ['dart_tower', 'dart_pushdown', 'dart_rect'];
        
        gpt_request.adPositions = [];
                    gpt_request.adPositions.push('dart_oop');
                    gpt_request.adPositions.push('dart_rect');
                    gpt_request.adPositions.push('dart_pushdown');
        
        
        var pm_pub_id = 79532; // 79532 PubMatic Publisher ID.
        
        function loadPubmatic() {            
            var src = '//ads.pubmatic.com/AdServer/js/dm_gpt_generic.js';
            document.write('<scr' + 'ipt src="' + src + '"></scr' + 'ipt>');
        }                

        var ybotq = ybotq || [];
        
        function loadYieldBot() {            
            // Loading Yieldbot script tag            
            var js = document.createElement('script');            
            js.src = '//cdn.yldbt.com/js/yieldbot.intent.js';
            var node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];
            node.parentNode.insertBefore(js, node);
        }
        
        function setupYieldBotDesktop() {
            // Setting up a function to be executed one yieldbot script tag is loaded
            // Can never be accidentally fired since only the yieldbot script looks for ybotq
            ybotq.push(function () {
                
                var yieldBotId = !gpt_request.isMobile ? 'c7c4' : 'ea1a';
                
                if (gpt_request.staging) {
                    console.log('yieldbot id: ' + yieldBotId);
                }                
                yieldbot.pub(yieldBotId);
                
                yieldbot.domainName('topix.com');
                for (var ii=0; ii < gpt_request.adPositions.length; ii++) {
                    if ($jq.inArray(gpt_request.adPositions[ii], gpt_request.yieldbot_slots) >= 0) {
                        if (gpt_request.adPositions[ii] == 'dart_rect') {
                            yieldbot.defineSlot(gpt_request.adPositions[ii], { sizes: [[300, 250], [300, 600]]});
                        } 
                        else {
                            yieldbot.defineSlot(gpt_request.adPositions[ii]);
                        }

                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log('yieldbot setup: ' + gpt_request.adPositions[ii]);
                        }
                    }
                }
                yieldbot.enableAsync();
                yieldbot.go();
            });
        }
        
        function yieldBotNotReady(label) {
            if (gpt_request.staging) {
                    console.log("YIELDBOT: " + tpx_log_img.src);
            }
            logAdEvent(label);
        }
        
        function logAdEvent(type, custom1, custom2, custom3) {
            var tpx_log_type = "event-" + type;
            var tpx_log_cb = parseInt(Math.random() * 1000000000);

            var src = "http://stats.topix.com/adbackfill.gif?type=" + tpx_log_type + "&cb=" + tpx_log_cb;
            
            if (custom1) {
                src += "&custom1=" + custom1;
            }
            
            if (custom2) {
                src += "&custom2=" + custom2;
            }
            
            if (custom3) {
                src += "&custom3=" + custom3;
            }
            
            var tpx_log_img = new Image(1,1);
            tpx_log_img.src = src;
            tpx_log_img.onload = function() { return; };    
        }
        
        function tpx_sendRTBid(adPos, label, price) {
            var url = "http://stats.topix.com/adbid.gif?x=1";
            if (adPos)
                url += "&adslot=" + adPos;
            if (label)
                url += "&adlabel=" + label;
            if (price)
                url += "&adprice=" + price;
            
            var tpx_log_img = new Image(1,1);
            tpx_log_img.src = url;
            tpx_log_img.onload = function() { return; }; 
        }
        
        
        function tpx_sendLoadStat(type, elapsed) {
            if(!tpx_pageTopTime)
                return;
    
            // just log 5% of hits for now
            if (tpx_loadStatRandom > 0.05 && !gpt_request.forceLoadTrackers)
                return;
        
            if (typeof elapsed == "undefined") {
                elapsed = (new Date()).getTime() - st_pageTopTime;
            }
            if (elapsed > 60000) {
                elapsed = 60000;
            }
            var url = "http://stats.topix.com/load.gif?x=1";
            url = url + "&type=" + encodeURIComponent(type);
            url = url + "&elapsed=" + elapsed;
            tpx_reqTrackerImage(url);    
            
            if (gpt_request.forceLoadTrackers) {
                console.log("ELAPSED (" + type +"): " + elapsed);
            }
        }
        
        function tpx_reqTrackerImage(url) {    
            var img = new Image();
            img.src = url;
            img.onload = function() {};
            return;
        }
        
                
        gpt_request.sizeToSlotMapping = {
            "728x90" : 1,
            "160x600" : 2,
            "300x250" : 6,
            "300x600" : 6            
        };
        
        gpt_request.slotToPosition = {
            1: "dart_pushdown",
            2: "dart_tower",
            6: "dart_rect"
        };
        
        gpt_request.aolBids = gpt_request.aolBids || {};
        
        // Stores bids in gpt_request
        function gpt_storeAolBid(bidData){
            for (var ii = 0; ii < bidData.seatbid.length; ii++) {
                var bidArr = bidData.seatbid[ii].bid;
                for (var jj = 0; jj < bidArr.length; jj++) {
                    var curBid = bidArr[jj];
                    
                    var adSize = curBid.w + "x" +  curBid.h;
                    var adSlotIdx = gpt_request.sizeToSlotMapping[adSize];
                    var price = curBid.price;
                    var priceBand = formatNum10000(Math.floor(price * 10) * 10);
                                    
                    tpx_sendRTBid(adSlotIdx, "aol_" + adSize + "_" + priceBand, price);
                    
                    if (gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("storing :" + adSize+ " price:" + price);
                    }
                    
                    if (gpt_request.aolBids[adSize] &&  gpt_request.aolBids[adPos].price > price) {
                        continue;
                    }
                    
                    var bidInfo = {
                        size: adSize,
                        price: price,
                        adm: curBid.adm,                    
                        
                    };
                    gpt_request.aolBids[adSize] = bidInfo;
                }
            }
            
            var aolElapsed = (new Date()).getTime() - startAolTime;
            if (gpt_request.staging) {
                console.log("Aol request elapsed time: " + aolElapsed);
            }
            tpx_sendLoadStat("elapsed-ads-tpx-aol", aolElapsed);
        }
        
        var gpt_aolAdPositions = [ "728x90", "300x250", "300x600", "160x600" ];
        var gpt_aolUrl = {
            "cors_suffix" :  "cors=yes;",
            "jsonp_suffix" : "callback=gpt_storeAolBid",
            "728x90":    "http://adserver.adtechus.com/pubapi/3.0/9897.1/3914678/0/225/;noperf=1;alias=;cmd=bid;",
            "160x600":   "http://adserver.adtechus.com/pubapi/3.0/9897.1/3914677/0/154/;noperf=1;alias=;cmd=bid;", // 160x600
            "300x250":        "http://adserver.adtechus.com/pubapi/3.0/9897.1/3914680/0/170/;noperf=1;alias=;cmd=bid;", // 300x250
            "300x600":    "http://adserver.adtechus.com/pubapi/3.0/9897.1/3914679/0/529/;noperf=1;alias=;cmd=bid;" // 300x600

        }
        
        // Check gpt_request for bids, sends them to DFP
        function gpt_setAolTargeting(bid) {
            for (var ii = 0; ii < gpt_aolAdPositions.length; ii++) {
                var adPos = gpt_aolAdPositions[ii];
                var bid = gpt_request.aolBids[adPos];
                
                var slotIdx = gpt_request.sizeToSlotMapping[adPos];
                var slotLabel = gpt_request.slotToPosition[slotIdx];
                var adslot = gpt_request.gpt_adslots[slotLabel];
                    
                if(typeof bid != 'undefined' && typeof adslot != 'undefined') {
                    adslot.setTargeting('aolbid', bid.price);
                }
                
            }
        }
        
        // Used by DFP callback
        function gpt_getAolAd(adPos) {
            try {
                var bid = gpt_request.aolBids[adPos];
                if (typeof bid == 'undefined') {
                    if (gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("No aol bid object found for: " + adSize);
                    }
                    logAdEvent("aol-exception-" + adPos);
                    bid = null;
                }
                return bid;
            }
            catch (e) {
                if (gpt_request.staging) {
                    alert(e);
                }
                logAdEvent("aol-exception");
                return null; 
            }            
        }
        
        function loadAolViaJSONP() {
            for (var ii = 0; ii < gpt_aolAdPositions.length; ii++) {
                var adPos = gpt_aolAdPositions[ii];            
                var url = gpt_aolUrl[adPos] + gpt_aolUrl['jsonp_suffix'];
            
                var js = document.createElement('script');            
                js.src = url;
                var node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];
                node.parentNode.insertBefore(js, node);
            }
        }
        
        function loadAolViaCORS() {
            $jq.support.cors = true; // need for IE cors to work
            for (var ii = 0; ii < gpt_aolAdPositions.length; ii++) {
                var adPos = gpt_aolAdPositions[ii];            
                var url = gpt_aolUrl[adPos] + gpt_aolUrl['cors_suffix'];
                
                
                $jq.ajax({
                    url: url,
                    type: 'GET',
                    dataType: 'json',
                    crossDomain: true,
                    xhrFields: {
                        withCredentials: true
                    },
                    success: function(result) {
                        gpt_storeAolBid(result);
                    },
                    error: function (request, status, error) {
                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log('CORS error: ' + error);
                        }
                        logAdEvent("aol-CORS-error", error, status, gpt_request.tinyua);                    
                    }
                });
            }
        }
        
        if (gpt_request.aol) {
            var startAolTime = (new Date()).getTime();
            if (gpt_request.useJSONP) {
                loadAolViaJSONP();
            }
            else {
                loadAolViaCORS();
            }
        }
        
        if (gpt_request.pubmatic) {
            loadPubmatic();
        }

        if (gpt_request.yieldbot) {
            loadYieldBot();
            setupYieldBotDesktop();
        }
        
        
        // According to setKeys() in morpheus.topix.js, targeting is set at the slot level
        var gpt_pubmaticAdPositions = [ "dart_pushdown", "dart_tower", "dart_rect" ];
        
        
        function gpt_parsePubmaticDesktopTargeting() {
            
            if (gpt_request.staging) {
                console.log('pubmatic targeting');
            }
            
            var key = "bid";
            
            for (var ii=0; ii < gpt_pubmaticAdPositions.length; ii++) {
                        
                if($jq.inArray(gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii], gpt_request.adPositions) < 1) {
                    if(gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("Pubmatic size error for " + gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii]);
                    }
                    continue;
                }
        
                if(typeof gpt_request.gpt_adslots[gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii]] == 'undefined') {
                    if(gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("Skipping undefined slot " + gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii]);
                    }
                    continue;
                }
                
                var pubmaticTargetingArr = gpt_request.gpt_adslots[gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii]].getTargeting(key);
        
                if (pubmaticTargetingArr && pubmaticTargetingArr.length > 0) {
                    
                    for(var jj=0; jj < pubmaticTargetingArr.length; jj++) {
                        
                        var price = pubmaticTargetingArr[jj];
                        if (price == '0' || price == 0) // skip zero values
                            continue;
                        
                        if (gpt_request.inside && price < 0)
                            console.log("Pubmatic pricing error for " + price + " size: " + gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii]);
    
                        var priceBand = formatNum10000(Math.floor(price * 10) * 10);
                        tpx_sendRTBid(gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii], 'tpx_pubmatic_' + priceBand, price);
                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log("Pushing Pubmatic " + price + " size: " + gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii] + " into DFP");
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        
        var gpt_bidderAdPositions = [ "dart_pushdown", "dart_tower", "dart_rect" ];
        var gpt_bidderAdSizes = { "dart_pushdown":"728x90", "dart_tower":"160x600", "dart_rect":"300x250" };

        function gpt_parseOpenXTargeting () { 
            if (gpt_request.staging) {
                console.log('openx targeting');
            }
    
            var prefix = "ox";
    
            for (var ii=0; ii < gpt_bidderAdPositions.length; ii++) {

                if($jq.inArray(gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii], gpt_request.adPositions) < 1) {
                    if(gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("OpenX size error for " + gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii]);
                    }
                    continue;
                }

                if(typeof gpt_request.gpt_adslots[gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii]] == 'undefined') {
                    if(gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("Skipping undefined slot for size " + gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii]);
                    }
                    continue;
                }
        
                var key = prefix + gpt_bidderAdSizes[gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii]];
        
                var bidderTargetingArr = gpt_request.gpt_adslots[gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii]].getTargeting(key);

                if (bidderTargetingArr && bidderTargetingArr.length > 0) {
            
                for(var jj=0; jj < bidderTargetingArr.length; jj++) {
                
                    var price = bidderTargetingArr[jj];
                
                    // skip zero price values
                    // 's' and 't' which I don't know what openx is using for, but nothing in DFP targets them
                    // waiting on their reply
                    if (price == '0' || price == 't' || price == 's' || price == 0) {
                        continue;
                    }
                
                    if (gpt_request.inside && price < 0)
                        console.log("OpenX pricing error for " + price + " size: " + gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii]);

                    var priceBand = formatNum10000(price);
                    price /= 100;
                    tpx_sendRTBid(gpt_pubmaticAdPositions[ii], 'tpx_openx_' + priceBand, price);
                    if (gpt_request.staging) {
                        console.log("Pushing OpenX " + price + " size: " + gpt_bidderAdPositions[ii] + " into DFP");
                    }
                }
                }
            }
        }


        function formatNum10000(num) {
            if (num < 10)
                return "000" + num;
            if (num < 100)
                return "00" + num;
            if (num < 1000)
                return "0" + num;
        return num;
        }

        
    </script> 


    
        <script>
            var startOpenXBidderTime = (new Date()).getTime();
            if (gpt_request.openx_bidder) {
                src = '//ox-d.topix.servedbyopenx.com/w/1.0/jstag?nc=4908-Topix';
                document.write('<scr' + 'ipt src="' + src + '"></scr' + 'ipt>');
            }
        </script>

        <script>
            if (gpt_request.openx_bidder) {
                var startOpenXBidderTime;
                var openxBidderElapsed = (new Date()).getTime() - startOpenXBidderTime;
                tpx_sendLoadStat("elapsed-ads-tpx-openx-bidder", openxBidderElapsed);
            }
        </script>
    
  
    <script type="text/javascript">        
        var googletag = googletag || {};
        googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || [];
        var startGPTTime = (new Date()).getTime();
        
            
        if (!gpt_request.pubmatic) {
            (function() {
             var gads = document.createElement("script");
             gads.async=true;
             gads.type = "text/javascript";
             var useSSL = "https:" == document.location.protocol;
             gads.src = (useSSL ? "https:" : "http:") + "//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js";
             var node =document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];
             node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node);
             })();    
        }
        else {        
            setTimeout(function() {
                    var gads = document.createElement("script");
                    gads.async=true;
                    gads.type = "text/javascript";
                    var useSSL = "https:" == document.location.protocol;
                    gads.src = (useSSL ? "https:" : "http:") + "//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js";
                    var node =document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];
                    node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node);
                }, 50);
        }

    </script>
    <script type="text/javascript">

        
        
    function setupRubiconTargeting (position) {
        var rubicon_size_mapping = {
            "dart_lb_header": ["728x90"],
            "dart_pushdown": ["728x90"],
            "dart_rect": ["300x600", "300x250"],
            "dart_tower": ["160x600"]
        };

        if (typeof position == 'undefined' || typeof rubicon_size_mapping[position] == 'undefined') {
            if(gpt_request.debugRubicon)
                console.log("rubicon position: [" + position + "] not found");
            return true;
        }

        var rtp_sizes = rubicon_size_mapping[position];
        for(var ii = 0; ii < rtp_sizes.length; ii++) {
            if (rubicon_rtp[rtp_sizes[ii]])
                adSlot.setTargeting("tier", rubicon_rtp[rtp_sizes[ii]].tier);
        }
        return false;
    }
    
    </script>
    
    <script type="text/javascript">
        if (gpt_request.sonobi_loaded && (typeof sbi_morpheus != 'undefined')) {            
            try {
                sbi_morpheus.register('div-gpt-ad-1', 'a1158d0ea0e02d0776e1'); // topix_728_apex 
                sbi_morpheus.register('div-gpt-ad-6', '537125d8c1a2754d33fc'); // topix_300_apex_flex 
                //sbi_morpheus.register('div-gpt-ad-7', '97762c449c1b0519df5e'); // topix_300_apex_flex 
                sbi_morpheus.register('div-gpt-ad-2', '1d500a89f3e0a34b8fb0'); // topix_160_apex
                if (gpt_request.staging) {
                    console.log("sonobi placments registered");
                }
            } catch(e) {
                if (gpt_request.staging) {
                    alert(e);
                }
                logAdEvent("sonobi-exception");
            }
        }
    </script>


    <script>        var perform_gpt_div_id;
        var crtg_content;
        var rtp_size = ""; // set via TT 
        var adSlot;
        
        
        googletag.cmd.push(function() {
            
                // dart_oop
                    
                adSlot = googletag.defineOutOfPageSlot("/4908/Desktop_Special", "div-gpt-ad-16")
                
                
                  .addService(googletag.pubads())

                
                
                gpt_request.gpt_adslots['dart_oop'] = adSlot;
                
                if (gpt_request.debugPubmatic) {
                    adSlot.setTargeting('bid','.53434');
                }

                

                setupRubiconTargeting("dart_oop");
            
                
                
                if (gpt_request.yieldbot && $jq.inArray('dart_oop', gpt_request.yieldbot_slots) >= 0) {
                    try { 
                        yieldbot.setSlotTargeting('dart_oop', adSlot);
                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log('yieldbot targeting set for dart_oop');
                        }
                    }
                    catch (e) {
                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log('yieldbot exception: ' + e);
                            yieldBotNotReady('yieldbot-targeting');
                        }
                    }
                }

                // dart_rect
                adSlot = googletag.defineSlot("/4908/Desktop_Special", [[300,1050],[300,600],[300,250]] , "div-gpt-ad-6")
                
                  .addService(googletag.pubads())
                  .setTargeting("kw", "top");

                
                
                gpt_request.gpt_adslots['dart_rect'] = adSlot;
                
                if (gpt_request.debugPubmatic) {
                    adSlot.setTargeting('bid','.53434');
                }

                

                setupRubiconTargeting("dart_rect");
            
                
                
                if (gpt_request.yieldbot && $jq.inArray('dart_rect', gpt_request.yieldbot_slots) >= 0) {
                    try { 
                        yieldbot.setSlotTargeting('dart_rect', adSlot);
                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log('yieldbot targeting set for dart_rect');
                        }
                    }
                    catch (e) {
                        if (gpt_request.staging) {
                            console.log('yieldbot exception: ' + e);
                            yieldBotNotReady('yieldbot-targeting');
                        }
                    }
                }

                // dart_pushdown
                adSlot = googletag.defineSlot("/4908/Desktop_Special", [[970,90],[970,250],[728,90],[970,66]] , "div-gpt-ad-1")
                
                  .addService(googletag.pubads())

                
                    adSlot.setTargeting('pos','top');
                
                
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